Estimation of the Dependence of the Ukrainian Economy on the Import of Products from the Processing Industry in the Segments of Intermediate Consumption and Gross Fixed Capital Formation
Given the fact that the structure of import of goods and services of Ukraine dominates the products of the manufacturing industry, it became necessary to study the dependence of the Ukrainian economy on the production of this type of industrial activity. To do this, an estimation of the dependence of the Ukrainian economy on the use of the import of manufacturing industries in the manufacturing industry was made, in terms of the two key uses of resources – intermediate consumption products and gross fixed capital formation. The information base for such an assessment was the data of the tables “output-input”.
As a result of undertaken a study certainly, that most the Ukrainian economy depends on the import of products of intermediate consumption of such productions of manufacturing industry: computers, electronic and optical products (» 90%); chemicals and chemical products (> 80%); machine building (> 80%); coke and refined products (> 60%); textile production, clothing, clothing, leather and other materials (> 60%). Along with the use of imports, the use of domestic production in the intermediate consumption segment has considerably increased in Ukraine. The intermediate consumption of domestic products of production: computers, electronic and optical products; grew at the highest rates; machinery and equipment, not attributed to other groups; textile production, clothing, leather and other materials production.
The level of import dependence of the Ukrainian economy in segments of the gross fixed capital formation in manufacturing industries is » 85%. The highest level of import dependence of the Ukrainian economy in the segment of gross fixed capital formation (more than 90%) is characteristic for production products: computers, electronic and optical products; machinery and equipment not included in other groups; motor vehicles, trailers and semitrailers.
Thus, the promising directions of import substitution in Ukraine relate primarily to the abovementioned industries. The hypothesis that for the implementation of import substitution in the Ukrainian economy, it is necessary for each of the identified directions, to carry out detailed calculations of the capacity of the target market segments (both internal and external), the volume of investments necessary for the organization of the corresponding production, their profitability and the payback period, as well as the number of newly created jobs.
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