Problems and Peculiarities of the Light Industry Development in Ukraine: A Statistical Comparison with EU Countries

Keywords: light industry, products, manufacture, imports, exports, consumer-supplied raw materials.


The light industry is one of the basic strategic segments of the national economy, providing for 5.0% of budget revenues and 2.6% of Ukrainian merchandise exports, and, therefore, has a considerable potential for further development. The purpose of the article is to identify problems and peculiarities of the light industry development in Ukraine on the basis of a statistical comparison with EU countries. According to the research results, the systemic negative dynamics of the light industry output resulted in a lag between Ukraine and EU countries, e. g. 6 times from Poland, 21 times from Germany, and 73 times from Italy. The light industry in Ukraine (like in the leading EU countries) specializes in manufacturing of final consumption products, which share in the output is more than 60%. However, despite such specialization, nearly 90% of the domestic demand for the light industry goods is met by imports.

At the same time, the significant export orientation of textile and other light industry industries given that all the production and consumption segments of these industries in Ukraine have a strong import dependence indicates a high share of tolling operations in the Ukrainian exports. The development of the Ukrainian light industry is hampered by the following key problems: high dependence on imported raw materials, supplies and components; low price competitiveness of home-made goods on the domestic market; the reliance of a large part of domestic companies in the industry on consumer-supplied raw materials. Hence, the priority of the government’s industrial policy for the light industry development is to restore (and further increase) raw materials supplies for textile and other domestic industries. The second objective is to create competitive conditions on the domestic market for the light industry by eliminating the shadow turnover in this segment. The third objective is to reduce the commodity exports, along with increasing exports of high quality products with a high share of value added.


Download data is not yet available.


Hryshchenko, I. M., Honcharov, Yu. V., Shcherbyna, I. V., Dvoretskyi, A. O., Krakhmaliova, N. A., & Maksymenko, I. O. et al. (2011). Lehka promyslovist Ukrainy: teoretyko-metodolohichni zasady upravlinnia rozvytkom v umovakh intehratsii do Svitovoi orhanizatsii torhivli [Light Industry of Ukraine: theoretical and methodological foundations of development management in terms of integration into the World Trade Organization]. Yu. V. Honcharov (Ed.) Kyiv: KNUTD [in Ukrainian].

Volkov, O. I., Honcharov, Yu. V., Bokiy, V. I., Bondarenko, O. V., Vovchok, S. V., & Hlynska, A. Ye. (2009). Lehka promyslovist Ukrainy: stan, problemy, perspektyvy ekonomichnoho rozvytku [Light industry of Ukraine: state, problems, prospects of economic development]. Yu. V. Honcharov (Ed.). Kyiv: KNUTD [in Ukrainian].

Nosova, N. I. (2009). Problemy rozvytku pidpryiemnytstva v lehkii promyslovosti Ukrainy [Some problems of entrepreneurship development in light industry of Ukraine]. Ekonomichni innovatsii – Economic innovations, Vol. 38. [Formation of economic strategies for the development of entrepreneurship, region, state], p. 144–161). Odesa: IPREED NAN Ukrainy [in Ukrainian].

Analitychni materialy / Haluzi lehkoi promyslovosti [Analytical Materials / Light Industry Industries]. (2019). Official site of the Association textile & leather industry enterprises “Ukrlehprom”. Retrieved from [in Ukrainian].

Deineko, L. V. (Ed.). (2018). Rozvytok promyslovosti dlia zabezpechennia zrostannia ta onovlennia ukrainskoi ekonomiky [Development of industry for growth and renewal of the Ukrainian economy]. Kyiv: Institute for Economics and Forecasting of the NAS of Ukraine [in Ukrainian]

Deineko, L. V. & Zavhorodnia, M. Yu. (2012). Rozvytok vnutrishnoho rynku lehkoi promyslovosti: problemy ta mozhlyvosti [Development of the internal light industry market: challenges and opportunities]. Ukrainskyi sotsium – Ukrainian society, 1 (40), 83–98. Retrived from [in Ukrainian]

Obsiah realizovanoi promyslovoi produktsii za vydamy diialnosti / Statystychna informatsiia / Promyslovist [Volume of industrial products sold by type of activity / Statistical information / Industry]. (2019). Official website of the State Statistics Service of Ukraine. Retrieved from [in Ukrainian].

National accounts aggregates by industry (2017). Official website of Eurostat. Retrieved from [in English].

Tablytsia “vytraty-vypusk” za 2017 rik (v tsinakh spozhyvachiv). [Ukrainian input-output table in consumer prices. 2017.]. Retrieved from [in Ukrainian].

Clothing; worn and other worn articles (HS code: 630900). (2017). Official website of United Nations. Retrived from [in English].

Tovarna struktura zovnishnoi torhivli / Statystychna informatsiia / Zovnishnoekonomichna diialnist [Commodity structure of foreign trade / Statistical information / Foreign economic activity]. (2019). Official website of the State Statistics Service of Ukraine. Retrieved from [in Ukrainian].

Abstract views: 67
PDF Downloads: 107
How to Cite
Ishchuk, S. O., & Sozanskyy, L. Y. (2020). Problems and Peculiarities of the Light Industry Development in Ukraine: A Statistical Comparison with EU Countries. Statistics of Ukraine, 88(1), 42-50.