Assessing the Impact of Education Quality on Economic Growth in OECD and CESEE Countries

Keywords: education quality, economic growth, total factor productivity, world technology frontier, education expenditures.

Abstract

The retrospective data analysis concerning the level of per capita income evidenced that formation of an educated society created the precondition for the growth of labor productivity and economic growth. According to Gelor – Weil theory, in the 19th century, in Western Europe countries, as well as in the “Western outshoots” (the USA, Canada, Australia and New Zealand), there was a change in the attitude towards family planning, which consisted in preferring fewer well–educated children over a large number of uneducated ones. This made it possible to overcome the "Malthus trap" in these countries and enabled rapid rates of economic growth. Today, the total factor productivity of the United States is taken as a benchmark/frontier against which productivity in other countries is measured.

 The article presents the results of assessing the impact of the quality of education, expressed by the "Skills" indicator of the Global Competitiveness Report, which characterizes the general level of skills of the labor force, as well as the quantity and quality of education in the country, on its total factor productivity. The assessment is based on the economic growth model of Ph. Agion and P. Howitt, which determines economic growth of a certain country by its’ human capital skills, as well as by the distance of such a country to the world technology frontier. The analysis presented in the article includes both OECD countries and CESEE countries, in particular Ukraine. Based on the results, it can be concluded that OECD countries, whose total factor productivities are a minimum 7 per cent above the world technology frontier, reached this – to the great extent – through better education. CESEE countries, whose total factor productivities are at least 59 per cent below the frontier (and Ukraine is among them), should improve the quality of education to get closer to the frontier.

Further analysis of the factors of education quality showed that government spending on education and quality of public and private institutions play great part in improving education both in CESEE and OECD countries. The proposed approach to assessing the factors of the quality of education can be used for further assessment of the impact of COVID–19 pandemic on the quality of education, as well as to justify the directions of state policy in the field of education aimed at ensuring economic recovery in the post–pandemic period.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Solow, R. M. (1956). A Contribution to the Theory of Economic Growth. Quarterly Journal of Economics, 70, 1, 65–94. Retrieved from http://piketty.pse.ens.fr/files/Solow1956.pdf

Romer, P. M. (1990). Endogenous technological change. Journal of Political Economy, 98, 5, 71–101. Retrieved from https://web.stanford.edu/~klenow/Romer_1990.pdf

Bolt, J., & van Zanden, J. L. (2020). Maddison style estimates of the evolution of the world economy. A new 2020 update. Maddison-Project Working Paper WP-15. Retrieved from https://www.rug.nl/ggdc/historicaldevelopment/maddison/publications/wp15.pdf

Galor, O., & Weil, D. (2000). Population, Technology, and Growth: From Malthusian Stagnation to the Demographic Transition and beyond. The American Economic Review, 90 (4), 806–828. Retrieved from http://www.jstor.org/stable/117309

Lucas, R. E. (1988). On the mechanics of economic development. Journal of Monetary Economics, 22 (1), 3–42. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1016/0304–3932(88)90168–7

Aghion, Ph., & Howitt, P. (1997). Endogenous Growth Theory. Cambridge (MA), MIT Press.

Cobb, C. W., & Douglas, P. H. (1928). A Theory of Production. American Economic Review, 18 (Supplement), 139–165. Retrieved from http://digamo.free.fr/cobbdoug28.pdf

Vandenbussche, J., Aghion, P., & Meghir, C. (2006). Growth, distance to frontier and composition of human capital. Journal of Economic Growth, 11, 97–127. doi:10.1007/s10887–006–9002–y

Acemoglu, D., Aghion, Ph., & Zilibotti, F. (2006). Distance to Frontier, Selection, and Economic Growth. Journal of the European Economic Association, 4, 1, 37–74. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1162/jeea.2006.4.1.37

Methodology and Computation of the Global Competitiveness Index (2017–2018). Appendix A of the Global Competitiveness Index 2017–2018, 317–324. www3.weforum.org. Retrieved from https://www3.weforum.org/docs/GCR2017-2018/04Backmatter/TheGlobalCompetitivenessReport2017%E2%80%932018AppendixA.pdf

Feenstra, R. C., Inklaar, R., & Timmer, M. P. (2015). The Next Generation of the Penn World Table. American Economic Review, 105 (10), 3150–3182. Retrieved from https://www.rug.nl/ggdc/docs/the_next_generation_of_the_penn_world_table.pdf

Schwab, K. (Ed.). (2017). The Global Competitiveness Report 2017–2018. www.weforum.org. Retrieved from https://www.weforum.org/ reports/the-global-competitiveness-report-2017-2018-1

Hansson, P. & Henrekson, M. (1994). A New Framework for Testing the Effect of Government Spending on Growth and Productivity, Public Choice, 81 (3–4), 381–401. Retrieved from https://www.researchgate.net/publication/5155302_A_New_Framework_for_Testing_the_Effect_of_Government_Spending_on_Growth_and_Productivity

Baldacci, E., Clements, B., Gupta, S., & Cui, Q. (2008). Social Spending, Human Capital, and Growth in Developing Countries. World Development, 36 (8), 1317–1341. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1016/j.worlddev.2007.08.003

Tomić, Z. (2015). Analysis of the Impact of Public Education Expenditure on Economic Growth of European Union and BRICS. Economic analysis, 48 (1–2), 19–38. Retrieved from https://www.library.ien.bg.ac.rs/index.php/ea/article/view/307/303

World Bank. (2014). World development indicators 2014. datatopics.worldbank.org. Retrieved from https://datatopics.worldbank.org/world-development-indicators/

UNU-WIDER, World Income Inequality Database (WIID). (2021). Version 31. Retrieved June 2021 from https://doi.org/10.35188/UNU-WIDER/WIID-310521


Abstract views: 21
PDF Downloads: 10
Published
2022-03-13
How to Cite
Nazukova, N. M. (2022). Assessing the Impact of Education Quality on Economic Growth in OECD and CESEE Countries. Statistics of Ukraine, 95(4), 87-94. https://doi.org/10.31767/su.4(95)2021.04.09