Preservation and Rehabilitation of Forest Resources in the Carpathian Macro-region

Keywords: forestry, felling trees, timber sales, functioning model, statistical reporting, Carpathian macro-region, financial assistance

Abstract

Problems related with increase of forests lands in Ukraine and on the globe are in focus of many domestic scientists, power and business entities, industrialists and others. Considerable interest to forestry products is shown by power bodies, local self-government bodies, private businesses. One of the most significant factors affecting rehabilitation and preservation of forest resources is the model of forestry sector operation in Ukraine as a whole and the Carpathian macro-region in particular. It refers to the principles of rehabilitation process, outlined in the period of the command-administrative model of management, but embedded in the current market mechanism. However, the studies confirm that market and command-administrative models of management are incompatible.

It is demonstrated that highly effective use, rehabilitation, preservation and protection of forest resources is conditional on the involvement of government and local territorial communities. First and foremost it refers to formulating new operative principles for providing financial assistance, subsidies to forestry enterprises, private owners. Unprofitability of forestry enterprises and organizations shows the need in constructing and implementing a new model for organization and management in this important economic sector. It is demonstrated that such model cannot be built without relevant and reliable information base, which requires improvements in the existing system of collection, processing and analysis of statistical data. Chronic unprofitability in the domestic forestry sector in parallel with the increasing scales of forest felling, growing timber sales and enrichment of selected persons associated with power offices and local power bodies is a sign of the existence of shadow and corrupted entities in the domestic forestry sector. This requires not only revision of the current forestry policy, but setting a new one, along with adapting global practices in organizing preservation, use, rehabilitation and protection of forestry resources, of which the most important is land. First and foremost, priorities of organization and management in the forestry sector need to be changed. An important step towards optimization of the rehabilitation process of forest land plots in the studied macro-region should be restructuring, with returning private property to former owners. This change has to ensure the profitability of forestry enterprises, diversification of ownership forms, preservation and protection of forest resources for current and future generations.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Pochemu lesa v bohatykh stranakh oberehaiut, a v bednykh unychtozhaiut. [Why forests are protected in the rich countries, and are destroyed in the poor]. expert.ua. Retrieved from www.expert.ua/me&holu_narodnaya-analitika/0/831-pochemu-lesa-bogatih-stranah-oberegayut--a-v-bednih-unichtazhayat...economist [in Russian].

Antonenko. I. Ya. (2013). Naukovi zasady upravlinnia lisoresursnym potentsialom ta yoho prostorovoiu orhanizatsiieiu [Scientific principles of management of forest resources potential and its spatial organization]. Formation of the model of natural resources management in market conditions of management. M. A. Khvesyk (Ed.); SU IESD NAS of Ukraine. Kyiv [in Ukrainian].

Shershun, M. H., & Drebot, O. I. (2011). Reformuvannia lisovoho hospodarstva v konteksti provedennia zemelnoi reformy v Ukraini. [Forestry reform in the context of the implementation of the land reform in Ukraine]. Ekonomika APK – The Economy of Agro-Industrial Complex, 10, 7–13 [in Ukrainian].

Veblen, T. (1984). Teoryia prazdnoho klassa [Theory of the leisure class]. Moscow: Progress [in Russian].

Kouz, R. (2007) Firma, rynok i pravo [The Firm, Market and Law]. Moscow: Novoe izdatelstvo [in Ukrainian].

Burkynskyi, B. V., Martiienko, A. I., Khumarova, N. I. (2017). Instytutsionalni zasady vdoskonalennia vidnosyn vlasnosti na rekreatsiino-turystychni resursy v Ukraini [Institutional principles for improving of property relationships on recreational-tourist resources in Ukraine]. Ekonomika Ukrainy – Economy of Ukraine, 2, 61–73 [in Ukrainian].

Dovkillya Ukrany za 2017 rik: stat. zb. [Environment of Ukraine. 2017: Statistical Yearbook]. (2018). Derzhavna sluzhba statystyky Ukrainy. Kyiv [in Ukrainian].

Tunytsia, Yu. Yu. (2006). Ekonomika i rynok: podolannya superechnostei [Economy and the market: contradictions overcoming]. Kyiv: Znannya [in Ukrainian].

Lisove zakonodavstvo u zapytanniakh ta vidpoviddiakh [Forest legislation in questions and answers]. (2011). www.openforest.org.ua. Retrieved from https://www.openforest.org.ua/11378/ [in Ukrainian].

Ukraynsko-shvedskyi proekt. Vtoraia faza [Ukrainian-Swedish project. The second phase] (2001–2004). www.openforest.org.ua. Retrieved from https://www.openforest.org.ua/438/ [in Russian]

Maurer, М., Gordienko, M. I., & Brovko, F. M et al. (2008). Teoretychni ta tekhnolohichni osnovy vidtvorennia lisiv na zasadakh ekolohichno oriientovanoho lisivnytstva [Theoretical and technological bases of forest reproduction on the basis of ecologically oriented forestry]. Kyiv: NUBiP Publishing Center [in Ukrainian].

Babkevych, I. P. (2013). Pryntsypy ekonomichnoho stymuliuvannia efektyvnoho vidtvorennia spromozhnosti lisovykh ekosystem pohlynaty parnykovi hazy [Principles of economic stimulation of effective reproduction of forest ecosystems ability to absorb greenhouse gases]. Investytsii: praktyka ta dosvid – Investments: practice and experience, 23, 87–92 [in Ukrainian].

Lisovyi kodeks Ukrainy. Kodeks vid 08.07.2010 r. № 3852-ХІI, stanom 01.01.2019 r. [The Forest Code of Ukraine. Code of July 08, 2010 № 3852-ХІI as of January 01, 2019]. zakon2.rada.gov.ua. Retrieved from https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/3852-12 [in Ukrainian].

Konstytutsiia Ukrainy: Zakon Ukrainy vid 28.06.1996 r. № 254k/96-VR [Constitution of Ukraine. Law of Ukraine of June 28, 1996 № 254k/96-VR as of February 21, 2019]. zakon.rada.gov.ua. Retrieved from zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/ [in Ukrainian]

Ofitsiinyi veb-sait Derzhavnoi sluzhby statystyky Ukrainy [Official website of the State Statistics Service of Ukraine]. www.ukrstat.gov.ua. Retrieved from http://www.ukrstat.gov.ua/ [in Ukrainian].


Abstract views: 20
PDF Downloads: 16
Published
2019-12-05
How to Cite
Shchuryk, M. V., & Osypenko, Z. V. (2019). Preservation and Rehabilitation of Forest Resources in the Carpathian Macro-region. Statistics of Ukraine, 86(3), 100-106. https://doi.org/10.31767/su.3(86)2019.03.11