Digitization in the Transport Sector: Development Trends and Indicators. Part 1

  • O. I. Nykyforuk State Organization “Institute of the Economy and Forecasting of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine” https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7376-3373
  • O. M. Stasyuk State Organization “Institute of the Economy and Forecasting of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine” https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4701-5598
  • L. Yu. Chmyrova State Organization “Institute of the Economy and Forecasting of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine”
  • N. O. Fediaj State Organization “Institute of the Economy and Forecasting of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine” https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6529-1078
Keywords: digitalization, information and communication technologies, indicators, transport sector, international database

Abstract

The article outlines the current global trends in digitalization, which include the use of big data and cloud technologies, the spread of Internet of Things (IoT), the development of robotics, the spread of 3D printing technology, blockchain processes and crowdsourcing. The main problem of the article is to study the process of digitalisation in general and in the transport sector in the context of trends and development indicators, and to make recommendations for further improvement of the national statistical database by including indicators on the development of information and communication technologies in the transport sector based on international databases. The particular attention is paid to the consideration of the institutional basis of digitalisation worldwide, with focus on the practices of the EU, Germany, Canada, the USA and Kazakhstan. The experience of Ukraine in digitization of the economy and the transport sector in particular is carefully studied. Consideration is given to the database indicators measuring digitalization trends, with selecting the indicators reflecting these processes in individual economies and related to digital transformations in the transport. The particular attention is paid to the Ukraine’s position in these international databases and the completeness of information on relevant indicators in Ukraine. A comparison of the selected indicators with the indicators of digitalisation in the transport sector in the official statistical database was carried out, and the systematization of these indicators was made in order to further improve the official statistical database by including in it the indicators on the development of information and communication technologies in the transport sector. The careful study and analysis of international and national statistical databases allowed for creating a set of indicators on digitalization in the transport sector, with including the indicators in it reflecting the dissemination of information and communication technologies in the transport sector and characterizing digital transformations in the transport. The proposed set of indicators is dynamic and can be complemented by other indicators in the process of digital transformations in the transport sector. Given the current global trends of the growing penetration of digital technology in all the spheres of human activity, this set of indicators can be used not only to monitor these processes in the transport sector, but also in the management practices.

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Abstract views: 101
PDF Downloads: 88
Published
2019-12-05
How to Cite
Nykyforuk, O. I., Stasyuk, O. M., Chmyrova, L. Y., & Fediaj, N. O. (2019). Digitization in the Transport Sector: Development Trends and Indicators. Part 1. Statistics of Ukraine, 86(3), 70-81. https://doi.org/10.31767/su.3(86)2019.03.08

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