A Statistical Analysis of Book Publishing Industry in Ukraine: 1917–2017
A broad statistical analysis of the book publishing industry over 1917–2017 is performed, with focus on the dynamics of industry indicators in 1991–2017. It is shown that throughout this period the average annual growth in the number of books and brochures produced by the book publishing industry made 620 units, or 5.13%. But the circulation had overall negative dynamics: its average annual decline made 3310 thousand, or 3.9%. The largest absolute decline in the circulation is recorded in 1993, 1999, and 2015. It is revealed that the per capita output in the industry was 1.5 books in 2013, 0.8 in 2015, and 1.1 in 2017. It is stressed that because books constitute a culture component and contribute in the moral enrichment of the society and book reading enhance the education level of a nation, the book supply of the population observed throughout the period of the Ukraine’s independence is unacceptable. A fact raising concern is that reading ranks fifth as a way of recreation in the Ukrainian society.
It is demonstrated that the assumption about minor significance of a printed book in the digital era is fallacious and ungrounded. Transformations in science and technology, politics or economy have been persisting in Ukraine, but its people remain to be book readers. A book may change the format or production methods and materials, but a book is an integral attribute of the humanity. The events in Ukraine, both positive and negative, had strong impact on the development and change of socio-economic paradigms, which had implications for the book publishing industry. The development of any industry cannot be considered in isolation, by taking its dynamics off the context of socio-political processes and phenomena. It is shown that in the present-day conditions, when the living standards of the population are largely dependent on the salary rate or the household income, the need to purchase books had lower priority than meeting vital necessities of daily life. The importance of a further in-depth study of the external factors with impact on the industry development is stressed.
Ukrainian Reading and Publishing Data. (2018). Retrieved from http://data.chytomo.com/
Baranovska, N., & Haliatovska, O. (2017). Knyhovydavnytstvo v kulturi ukrainskoho mista periodu Natsionalnoi revoliutsii 1917–1921 rr. [Book publishing in the culture of Ukrainian town in the period of National revolution 1917–1921]. Abstracts from Istoryko-kulturna spadshchyna: problemy zberezhennia i populiaryzatsiia – The historical and cultural legacy: problems of preservation and popularization: IV Mizhnarodna naukovo-praktychna konferentsiia (21–22 kvitnia 2017 roku) – Forth International Scientific and Practical Conference (April 21–22, 2017). (pp. 12–16). Lviv [in Ukrainian].
Senchenko, M. (2005). Problemy natsionalnoho knyhovydannia ta bibliotechnoi spravy [Problems of the national book publishing and libraries]. Personal – Personnel, 10. Retrieved from http://personal.in.ua/article.php?ida=138 [in Ukrainian].
Isaievych, Ya. (2002). Ukrainske knyhovydannia XIX-XX st. Ukrainske knyhovydannia: vytoky, rozvytok, problemy [The Ukrainian book publishing in 19 and 20 centuries: origins, developments, problems]. Lviv: Krypiakevych Institute for Ukrainian studies of the NAS of Ukraine. Retrieved from http://litopys.org.ua/isaevych/is33.htm [in Ukrainian].
Molotkina, V. (2012). Vydavnycha diialnist pryvatnykh vydavnytstv v USRR v 20-ti rr. XX st. [Book publishing activities of private publishing houses in Ukrainian SSR in 20s of 20th century. Skhid – East, 2 (116), 130–133 [in Ukrainian].
Shvaika, L. A., Senkivskyi, V. M., & Melnykov, O. V. (2011). Iierarkhiia faktoriv ekonomichnoho rozvytku polihrafichnoi haluzi Ukrainy [The hierarchy of factors of the economic development of the printing industry in Ukraine]. Naukovi zapysky – Scientific Papers, 3, 54–69 [in Ukrainian].
Hrynivskyi, T. (2018). Ukrainska knyha yak zasib natsionalno-kulturnoho vidrodzhennia 1917–1920 rr.: aspekt derzhavnoi pidtrymky druku [The Ukrainian book as a means of national and cultural renaissance in 1917–1920: the aspect of government support to the printing]. Ukrainskyi informatsiinyi prostir – Ukrainian information space, 1. Retrieved from http://ukrinfospace.knukim.edu.ua/article/view/141103 [in Ukrainian].
Afonin, O. Zvit pro rezultaty doslidzhennia vydavnychoho rynku Ukrainy [Report on the results of a study of the printing and publishing market in Ukraine]. The Ukrainain Association of book publishers and distributors. Retrieved from http://upba.org.ua/index.php/uk/zakonodavstvo/knyzhkova-palata/item/6-zvit-pro-rezultaty-doslidzhennia-vydavnychoho-rynku-ukrainy
Dolynchuk, S., & Khlimonenko, B. (2016). Reitynh brendiv vydavnytstv [Rating of brands of publishing houses]. forbes.net.ua. Retrieved from http://forbes.net.ua/ua/business/1409127-rejting-brendiv-vidavnictv [in Ukrainian].
Kazak, K. O. (2015). Derzhavna pidtrymka knyhovydavnychoi spravy: suchasnyi stan i naiblyzhchi perspektyvy [Government support to the book publishing: current state and forthcoming perspectives]. Pravo i suspilstvo – Law and Society, 6, part 2, 75–79 [in Ukrainian].
Murakhovskyi, A. (2014). Ukrainske knyhovydannia: radianska doba i sohodennia [The Ukrainian book publishing: soviet era and present days]. Visnyk Knyzhkovoi palaty – Bulletin of the Book Chamber, 6, 1–4 [in Ukrainian].
Shpak, V. I. (2010). Transformatsiia vydavnychoi spravy Ukrainy u period perekhodu vid komandno-administratyvnoi do rynkovoi systemy upravlinnia (1990–2010) [Transformation of the printing and publishing in Ukraine in the period of transition from command and administrative management system to the market-based one (1990–2010)]. Hileia – Hileia, 41. Retrieved from http://enpuir.npu.edu.ua/bitstream/123456789/14350/1/Shpak.pdf [in Ukrainian].
Sadovska, A. (2013). Derzhavne rehuliuvannia rozvytku knyhovydannia yak skladova formuvannia yedynoho humanitarnoho prostoru Ukrainy [Government regulation of the development of book publishing as a component forming the single humanitarian space in Ukraine]. Efektyvnist derzhavnoho upravlinnia – Effectiveness of the public governance, 37, 225–235 [in Ukrainian].
Knyzhkova palata Ukrainy imeni Ivana Fedorova [Ivan Fedorov Book Chamber of Ukraine]. www.ukrbook.net. Retrieved from http://www.ukrbook.net/statistika_.html [in Ukrainian].
Anketa vydavnytstv, drukaren i knyharen na Ukraini, a ukrainskykh i po-za yii mezhamy [A questionnaire of publishing houses, printing shops and book stores in Ukraine, and Ukrainian ones – also beyond its borders]. (1923). Bibliolohychni visti – Bibliological news, part 4, 65–68 [in Ukrainian].
Ofitsiinyi veb-sait Derzhavnoi sluzhby statystyky Ukrainy [Official website of the State Statistics Service of Ukraine]. www.ukrstat.gov.ua. Retrieved from http://www.ukrstat.gov.ua/ [in Ukrainian].
Kyzyma, I. S. (2009). Chynnyky zovnishnoi trudovoi mihratsii naselennia Ukrainy [The factors of external labor migration of the Ukrainian population]. Naukovi pratsi KNTU. Ekonomichni nauky – Scientific works of KNTU. Economics, 15, 365–369 [in Ukrainian].
Furdychko, L. Ye., Martyniuk, D. Ya., & Prokopchuk, V. V. (2018). Dokhody hromadian yak instrument yikh dobrobutu i efektyvnoho rozvytku Ukrainy [Incomes of the citizens as a means of their welfare and the effective development of Ukraine]. Molodyi vchenyi – Young scientist, 5, 774–778 [in Ukrainian].
Afonin, O. Yak zminyvsia knyzhkovyi rynok v Ukraini u 2016–2017 rokakh [The pattern of change in the book market in Ukraine in 2016–2017]. delo.ua. Retrieved from https://delo.ua/opinions/knizhnyj-rynok-afonin-333650/?fbclid=IwAR3BhZS5mEbGBK5zBAaC_4aeWdxA4wEi6lPafCW1balDbeFT4jy0smVaMdc [in Ukrainian].
Pro vnesennia zmin do deiakykh zakoniv Ukrainy shchodo obmezhennia dostupu na ukrainskyi rynok inozemnoi drukovanoi produktsii antyukrainskoho zmistu: Zakon Ukrainy vid 08.12. 2016 r. № 1780-VIII [On The Amendments in Some Laws of Ukraine Concerning Limitations of the Access to the Ukrainian Market of Foreign Printed Products with Anti-Ukrainian Contents. Law of Ukraine of December 08, 2016 No 1780-VIII]. zakon.rada.gov.ua. Retrieved from http://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/1780-19 [in Ukrainian].
Literaturnyi prohnoz na 2018 rik vid vydavtsia Viktora Kruhlova [The literary forecast for 2018 from the publishing house of Viktor Kruhlov]. (2018). nv.ua. Retrieved from https://nv.ua/ukr/style/person_art/interview_per/pro-modu-na-chitannja-ta-renesans-ukrajinskoji-knihi-2445557.html [in Ukrainian].
Abstract views: 95 PDF Downloads: 54