Economic and Statistical Analysis of Solar Power in Ukrainian Regions
Renewable power is an urgent issue of today and an important component of the sustainable development in Ukraine. It is a must for the national economy as it reduces negative effects for the environment and human health. Also, the share of renewable power sources in the total power generation needs to be increased due to the rapidly growing costs of thermal and electric power.
The Ukrainian power sector is dominated by out-dated, ecologically unfriendly and cost-ineffective technologies for generation of thermal and electric power at thermal, nuclear and water-power plants. Their construction and exploitation has led to great ecological damage due to withdrawal of large areas of lands to locate the wastes and flooding of fertile soils. High probability of accidents at nuclear power plants is fraught with the extreme danger and great losses in case of their occurrence. Clear evidences are the greatest global accidents at nuclear power plants: Chernobyl and Fukusima-1.
Economic and statistical analysis of solar power for 8 Ukrainian regions with the varying climate conditions (by solar radiation and temperature) and economic profiles is made by computing the parameters of solar power plants. The parameters selected for the analysis are maximal capacity for private households (30 kilowatts) and for commercial use (1 megawatt).
The potentialities for the development of solar power are estimated by area of lands and number of private households in rural area. Comparative analysis of the results and statistical data shows high potentials for the development of solar power in private household sector and industrial sector. Its development will enhance power safety of the Ukrainian state, create new safe jobs, promote decentralization and development of territories, and improve investment climate and technological pattern on the way to “green” modernization of the Ukrainian economy.
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